Our Style Seal Models offer a variety of stylish colors, patterns and fabrics to complement your wardrobe. All our STYLE SEAL PAF’s are affordable since the filters are replaceable. This also allows you the ability to have multiple styles to meet the diversity of your wardrobe and activities.
STYLE SEAL Personal Air Filters offer common sense affordable solutions for your personal air quality and protection. All STYLE SEAL models provide the utmost in protection, comfort, convenience and fashion. Based on the filter level you select our STYLE SEAL filters can guard you against up to 99% of all airborne pollutants and other contaminants, most of which you cannot see!
STYLE SEAL offers a wealth of superior features to protect you, while being stylish and comfortable such as:
All STYLE SEAL models include replaceable filters so you can match your protection requirement to your current hazard level. There are many benefits to replaceable filters such as cost savings, multiple filter levels, no guess work in when to change, allows for frequent changes daily if needed and no wear-and-tear in cleaning. No filter will work if it doesn’t properly fit and seal, as is the case with many masks now on sale elsewhere. A mask that doesn’t fit, seal or filter is virtually useless. Some other masks are merely made of cloth and offer no filtration at all!! All STYLE SEAL models fit snugly to the wearer’s facial structure, so that no air can bypass the filter, yet still allowing comfortable, normal breathing.
You should be wearing a STYLE SEAL PAF if you:
Read a real-life “Cautionary Example” of what happened to a hairdresser in the US who wasn’t protecting herself by clicking HERE.
You should be wearing the UMBRA or PENUMBRA Personal Air Filter (PAF) if you:
The Short Answer
We look at our STYLE SEAL PAF‘S as “the umbrella for your health”. Everyone has an umbrella by their door or in their closet for a rainy day. Where you store your umbrella is probably determined by how much it rains where you live. If it rains a lot you probably keep it fairly handy. If it doesn’t rain often, you don’t need it and keep it stored away. Using a STYLE SEAL Personal Air Filter (PAF) is very similar. If there are no hazards of pollution or other air contamiunants then by all means enjoy and be thankful for your fresh healthy clean air!! However, you should always be prepared, just like with your umbrella, for when the invisible hazards of pollution or other air contaminants are present. Keep a full stock of STYLE SEAL PAF Filters for your PAF of choice in stock. You never know when the air quality could turn bad. STYLE SEAL is small and lightweight so keep one in your purse or briefcase. You never know when you may need it!
Wearing a STYLE SEAL PAF in typical conditions only costs between $20 and $150 per year. What is the cost of getting sick or shortening your life!!
Remember to BE SAFE, BE SMART, BE STYLISH.
The Longer Answer
We like to take a common sense approach to your personal air safety and hope you will too. Most of you probably are concerned about your health and well being. We watch what we eat, drink bottled water, exercise, get checkups at the doctor and do other healthy activities.
An average average-sized adult male 70 kg (154 lb), inhales approximately 10,800 liters (2,642 gal.) of air a day or more! (.5 ltr X 15 breaths/minute x 60 minutes/hour x 24 hours/day). That’s over 273,700,000 liters (72,118,970 gal.) in a normal life! The Equivalent of 109 Olympic Swimming Pools!!!!!
In comparison we should consume about 2 litres of water per day, only .02% of the amount of air we breathe. Over the last few decades many of us have changed and will only drink bottled water. Are you as careful about the air you breath? If not, does that make sense? We consume 5,000 times more air than water and for the most part take no precaution.
Most of us are aware there can be many health threatening contaminants or pollution in the air. You may live in beautiful mountains or the countryside with clean crisp air and then commute to the city for work. Or you may work in a polluted urban or small town setting. Depending on your workplace this could be frequently. When you are in close contact with others such as in an elevator, train, plane, bus, checkout line or elsewhere you are at risk. Your hazard risk can change depending on the time of year, pollution levels in your micro-environment and the current flu rate, putting you at greater risk.
Most of us when we were young were hopefully taught to cover our mouth when we cough or sneeze. Better yet, let the articles below explain to you why you should wear a STYLE SEAL PAF if you are sick. Basically, be polite since oft times we may forget to cover our mouths or not do as good a job as possible.
According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) of the USA:
“People with flu can spread it to others up to about 6 feet away.
Most experts think that flu viruses are spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk.
These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
Less often, a person might also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth or nose.”
However, new research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology using slow-motion photography finds that sneezes droplets can travel much farther than first thought.
FRIDAY, Feb. 12, 2016 (HealthDay News) — If you think your sneezes merely emit a delicate spray of tiny droplets into the space around you, think again.
New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology using slow-motion photography finds that, instead, sneezes expel a sticky sheet of fluid that first balloons and then breaks apart into long, viscous filaments.
Those filaments eventually do separate into a mist of fine droplets, said a team led by Lydia Bourouiba, who runs MIT’s Fluid Dynamics of Disease Transmission Laboratory.
“What we saw was surprising in many ways,” she said in a university news release. “We expected to see droplets coming out fully formed from the respiratory tract. It turns out that’s not the case at all.”
All of this research could lead to more effective ways to reduce the spread of illness, her team said.
“t’s important to understand how the process of fluid breakup, or fluid fragmentation, happens,” Bourouiba explained. Knowing how sneezing disperses droplets can help scientists map the spread of infections and identify people who may be “super-spreaders,” she said.
In prior research reported in 2014, her team found that coughs and sneezes emit “clouds” of gas that spread infectious droplets more than 200 times farther than would happen if they were just separate drops.
In the new study, Bourouiba’s team used high-speed cameras to record more than 100 sneezes from volunteers, who had their noses tickled to produce the sneeze. The photos — comprising a time span of under 200 milliseconds — were able to capture the precise moment when saliva is expelled from the mouth and launched into the air.
Sneezes also varied from person to person, the study found, because some people have more elastic saliva than others. For sneezers with the stickier saliva, expelled fluid tended to keep its stringy, filament shape longer, forming beads that in time became droplets.
All of this is important to help scientists “understand how the process of fluid breakup, or fluid fragmentation, happens,” Bourouiba said, and “the resulting prediction of the downstream range of contamination.”
She is currently setting up a special chamber in which she and medical research partners will be able to visualize sneezes, coughs and other methods of disease transmission.
“One of the important goals I have for the lab is to tackle cold and influenza,” Bourouiba said. “Sometimes the symptoms are difficult to distinguish. In the coming year, at different cold and influenza seasons, we will be recruiting human subjects whom we can work with to see them in infection and in health.”
The ultimate goal of the sneeze droplet research is to better predict and prevent the spread of disease.
“The way transmission routes are being quantified even today still rely on the traditional way that has prevailed for hundreds of years, which is talking to people to survey who they talked to, where did they go, etc.,” Bourouiba said.
“There are clear limits to the accuracy of the data acquired via this process, and we are trying to have more precise measures of contamination and ranges to root disease control and prevention strategies in the physical sciences,” she explained.
The study was published in the journal Experimental Fluids.
SOURCE: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, news release, Feb. 10, 2016
It is important to know that STYLE SEAL, PENUMBRA and UMBRA are not medical devices and do not claim to prevent the spread or eliminate the risk of disease or illness. Use at your own risk.
Also, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the USA:
“Health studies have shown a significant association between exposure to fine particles and premature death from heart or lung disease.
Fine particles can aggravate heart and lung diseases and have been linked to effects such as: cardiovascular symptoms; cardiac arrhythmias; heart attacks; respiratory symptoms; asthma attacks; and bronchitis. These effects can result in increased hospital admissions, emergency room visits, absences from school or work, and restricted activity days. Individuals that may be particularly sensitive to fine particle exposure include people with heart or lung disease, older adults, and children”
Air Quality Can Change Rapidly – Be Prepared
Particles less than 10 micrometers in diameter (PM10) pose a health concern because they can be inhaled into and accumulate in the respiratory system. Particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5) are referred to as “fine” particles and are believed to pose the greatest health risks. Because of their small size (approximately 1/30th the average width of a human hair), fine particles can lodge deeply into the lungs.
Air quality can change rapidly from changes in the environment like in beautiful Singapore where fires in Indonesia can quickly pollute the air or dust storms in the Middle East and many other areas of the world.
A proper fit is critical to achieve a tight seal guaranteeing the effectiveness of your STYLE SEAL PAF. Current respirators and surgical masks are typically one-size-fits-all, so it is not surprising that they perform poorly, even if the filter is of good quality.
We manufacture our STYLE SEAL PAF’s in multiple sizes to insure you get the quality fit that you need for, men, women and children of all sizes: Extra Large (XL), Large (L), Medium (M), Small (S). Additionally, we have adjustable ear loops to help you further customize your personal fit.
There are several methods to determine the size you need, either by FACE MEASUREMENT, EAR to EAR MEASUREMENT, WEIGHT or by TEMPLATE. Unless you have an unusually large or small head most people could wear either of two sizes closest to their fit by adjusting the ear loops and nose piece. You can compare the results of a couple of these methods to help confirm the correct size for you.
FACE MEASUREMENT SIZING
The table below gives you dimensions you can relate to your facial coverage to give you an idea of which size PAF may be right for you.
Width – Measure across your face and nose to approximately midway between your mouth and ear, just past your cheek bones as shown in the sketch.
Height – Measure from the bridge of your nose where the PAF should end to just under your chin as shown in the sketch.
|Mask Size||Width (CM)||Height (CM)|
EAR TO EAR MEASUREMENT SIZING
The table below gives you dimensions you can relate to the distance around your ears along the perimeter of the PAF to give you another idea of which size PAF may be right for you.
Measure around both ears, across the bridge of your nose and at the chin as shown in the photo below. Your measurement should fall within the table below.
The table below gives you weights you can relate to the size of your face as another reference.
Or print, cut out and use these handy templates (click on link below) and follow the instructions to determine what size STYLE SEAL PAF is right for you.
Unless you have an unusually large of small head most people could where either of two sizes closest to their fit by adjusting the ear loops and nose piece. Some people prefer covering more and some less of their face.
If you will be using an exhalation valve we would recommend using the larger of the two possible sizes.
Like many things in life we have to make choices and selecting the proper filter offers similar choices as well. Selecting the correct filter is choosing the proper balance between:
There is generally a direct relationship between the filtration rate and breathability. As the filtration rate goes up the breathability goes down. Since all our product offer replaceable filters we give you r the choice between higher filtration or breathability.
If the air quality is very poor (Red – 150 and up AQI) you may want to sacrifice breathability for filtration. However, if the air quality is moderate, you may want to lower the filtration a bit to improve the breathability and your comfort.
The first step in this process is to stay aware of the air quality levels
The simplest method to select the proper filter to meet your hazard level would be to use the AQI reading or the PM 2.5 reading in your micro-environment. There is not much benefit of the government posting these readings if we do not react to them by wearing some form of protection when the air quality is not Good (0 – 50). Even though we should many of us just can’t stay home when the air quality is unhealthy.
Below is the Air Quailty Index (AQI) as a reference:
EPA has assigned a specific color to each AQI category to make it easier for people to understand quickly whether air pollution is reaching unhealthy levels in their communities. For example, the color orange means that conditions are “unhealthy for sensitive groups,” while red means that conditions may be “unhealthy for everyone,” and so on:
Each category corresponds to a different level of health concern. The six levels of health concern and what they mean are:
The AQI specifically identifies Sensitive Groups. Who are in Sensitive Groups? Some people are more sensitive to air pollution than other people. Different people can be sensitive to different air pollutants. For example, ozone might make you cough. Particulate matter may not bother you, but it may make your grandmother cough and need to rest.
Another sensitive group is children. A childs’ body is still growing, and their lungs are still developing. Many studies show that exposure to air pollution reduces lung development in children. They also need to play outside, get more exercise and less video entertainment. When they do they just need to be properly protected.
Another sensitive group is people with asthma. Asthma is a disease that can make it hard to breathe. If people who have asthma are careful and do what the doctor tells them to do, they may never have trouble breathing.
Hay fever, or allergic rhinitis, the fifth most common disease in the United States (U.S.) has symptoms similar to those of a cold such as sneezing, congestion, runny nose, and sinus pressure. It is caused by an allergic response to airborne substances, such as pollen. The time of year it happens depends on what substance, or allergen, the person reacts to.
Finally, aging or ill people have reduced immune systems and are therefore more susceptible to air contaminants.
No matter which Sensitive Group you may fall in, you should be diligent in your awareness of the air quality and protect yourself accordingly.
STYLE SEAL Filter Choices
We have combined the AQI with our recommended filter for each level based on whether you are sensitive or not and if you want to be more cautious or not. We have also taken breathability and your comfort into consideration. We want you to be inclined to wear your STYLE SEAL PAF even when the air is in the Yellow or Orange level. Even the SS-80 filter offers high levels of up 99% filtration
Materials In the Air
Below is a chart that indicates the material sizes for various materials found in the air. You should evaluate the hazards you are attempting to filter and compare to the chart and filter capabilities.
In addition to the AQI, the the US EPA Air Now calculator is available at airnow.gov
Another good option we recommend is the Plume Air Report App. You can set a notification to alert you of the air quality each morning and/or evening. This can be a very helpful reminder if you should be wearing your STYLE SEAL PAF or not. You should always have it handy in your purse or briefcase anyway.
Of course, you can also use our STYLE SEAL Air Quality Meter to give you the current PM2.5 reading in your micro-environment.
The length of time between filter changes is affected by many factors:
All STYLE SEAL Filters last longer than the disposable style competition. This makes STYLE SEAL Filters
AFFORDABLE BY DESIGN
There are key design features that help STYLE SEAL filters last longer than others such as:
Affordable and superior by design means our products work better and the filters last longer so you can have a better product at an affordable cost!
The Short Answer
As the filters get clogged they become harder to breathe through they should be changed. You can also gauge by color so as they become increasingly grey then change them. The cleaner the filter the easier it is to breathe and safer you are. Also, even though a filter may look clean from breathing water can condense in the filter and can result in the growth of microorganisms. This should be considered in determining the frequency of change. Thicker filters can capture more particles and last longer so keep that in mind when selecting your filter.
Since the cost of our filters is more affordable more frequent changing is recommended and one of the benefits of our replaceable filters.
The Longer Answer
The length of time between filter changes is affected by many factors listed below that can vary greatly from user to user.
What is the density of the particulates or pollution?
What are the pollutants?
How hard are you working and breathing?
How big are you?
How long is your typical use?
How hot is it and how much are you perspiring?
Since it is not possible for us, or even you, to easily answer these questions, the best answer is to change the filter frequently for maximum protection. The more that you use your PAF the more familiar you will become with your micro-environment and how frequently to change your filters.
If you wear the PAF infrequently for short durations the filter may lastup to two weeks maximum.
If you wear the PAF for long durations and in heavy use you should change the filter often.
If the filters start to turn 50% gray definitely change them.
If the filter becomes wet change them after each use.
STYLE SEAL filters are replaceable which is slightly different from a surgical mask or a N-95 respirator that is disposable. Other masks offer non-replaceable filters that must be laundered. We will compare our replaceable filters to both alternatives below.
NOTE: Cloth only masks should not even be compared since cloth alone is not a filter since it is meant to breath. Cloth only filters merely keep the bugs out of your nose.
STYLE SEAL PAF’s vs. Disposable Filters (Respirators and Surgical Masks)
STYLE SEAL PAF’s vs. Products with Non-Replaceable Filters
SS-80 Filter – Offers a high level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 80% of .3 µm particulates filtered according to independent test results. Designed to be competitively priced with less effective surgical masks, the SS-80 filter is lighter weight than our other filters at 70 gsm, is .7 mm thick and possess a very low air pressure loss of ≤ 8.9 Pa/cm2. The high air permeability makes breathing through the PAF and creates less heat inside.
SS-80+ Filter – Our economy carbon filter offering a high level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 80% of .3 µm particulates filtered according to independent test results PLUS a carbon additive. The carbon can absorb gaseous pollutants such as formaldehyde and other hazardous chemicals. This filter is great for those working in hazardous conditions such as hair and nail salons, turf and other maintenance, pest control or those near automobile exhaust. Designed to be competitively priced with less effective surgical masks, the 90+ filter weighs 70 gsm, is .1.2 mm thick exclusive of the carbon layer and possess a very low air pressure loss of 8.9 Pa/cm2. Good air permeability makes breathing through the PAF and creates less heat inside.
SS-90 Filter – A high value filter offering a high level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 90% of .3 µm particulates filtered according to independent test results. The SS-90 filter has a heavier weight at 90 gsm than the SS-80 for improved durability, is .8 mm thick, but still possess a very low air pressure loss of less than 8.3 Pa/cm2.
SS-90+ Filter – A high value carbon filter offering a high level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 90% of .3 µm particulates filtered according to independent test results. The SS-90 filter has a heavier weight at 90 gsm than the SS-80 for improved durability, is 1.5 mm thick, but still possesses a very low air pressure loss of less than 8.3 Pa/cm2.
SS-95S Filter – Offers a high level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 95% of .3 µm particulates filtered according to independent test results PLUS a Nano-silver additive which is known to be an effective tool for killing disease-causing bacteria. The 95S filter weighs 170 gsm, is 1.2mm thickness. The 95S is 50% thicker than the SS-90. Thicker filters can capture more particles and last longer so keep that in mind when selecting your filter. The 95S has an air pressure loss of 16.4 Pa/cm2, though higher than the SS-80 and SS-90 due to the added thickness, the breathability is still lower than most of the competition making the SS-95 effective and more comfortable to wear.
SS-99S Filter – The highest level of protection from PM2.5 and PM10 particulates with over 99% of .3 µm particulates filtered and a bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) of over 99.99% according to independent test results PLUS a Nano-silver additive which is known to be an effective tool for killing disease-causing bacteria. The 99S filter is the heaviest weight product with at 170 gsm and is 1.4 mm thick. The SS-99S as our premium filter having a lower air pressure loss of 13.2 Pa/cm2 when compared to the 95S making the SS-99S the most effective AND comfortable to wear.
The higher the filter level the greater the protection. Also, the higher the filter level the heavier the filter is in weight. The heavier filter fabric makes the filter more durable which is good for longer use and poorer air quality applications. The downside to thickness is that as the filtration levels increases the air permeability decreases somewhat making them more difficult to breathe through. One of the benefits of our multiple levels is that we give you the opportunity to choose what is more important (filtration, air permeability, cost) and select the option that is best for your particular situation. Your filtration needs can change so it is best to keep a stock of various levels so you can select the correct filter for each situation as they arise.
Read and understand how filters work by clicking HERE.
Read and understand the advantages of carbon by clicking HERE.
As a reference below is a graph of the particle sizes of different air contaminants:
Activated carbon is carbon that has been treated with oxygen; this causes millions of tiny pores to open up on the carbon’s surface. In fact, these pores are so numerous that a single pound of activated carbon may provide 60 to 150 acres of surface area to trap pollutants. Once carbon has been activated, it can remove a long list of airborne chemicals, including alcohols, organic acids, aldehydes, chlorinated hydrocarbons, ethers, esters, ketones, halogens, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, and phosgene, among many others.
Carbon can also remove odors which can be very beneficial.
By the Center for Disease Control – http://blogs.cdc.gov/niosh-science-blog/2009/10/n95/
The filters used in modern surgical masks and respirators are considered “fibrous” in nature—constructed from flat, nonwoven mats of fine fibers. Fiber diameter, porosity (the ratio of open space to fibers) and filter thickness all play a role in how well a filter collects particles. In all fibrous filters, three “mechanical” collection mechanisms operate to capture particles: inertial impaction, interception, and diffusion. Inertial impaction and interception are the mechanisms responsible for collecting larger particles, while diffusion is the mechanism responsible for collecting smaller particles. In some fibrous filters constructed from charged fibers, an additional mechanism of electrostatic attraction also operates. This mechanism aids in the collection of both larger and smaller particle sizes. This latter mechanism is very important to filtering facepiece respirator filters that meet the stringent NIOSH filter efficiency and breathing resistance requirements because it enhances particle collection without increasing breathing resistance.
How do filters collect particles?
These capture, or filtration, mechanisms are described as follows:
In all cases, once a particle comes in contact with a filter fiber, it is removed from the airstream and strongly held by molecular attractive forces. It is very difficult for such particles to be removed once they are collected. As seen in Figure 1, there is a particle size at which none of the “mechanical” collection mechanisms (interception, impaction, or diffusion) is particularly effective. This “most penetrating particle size” (MPPS) marks the best point at which to measure filter performance. If the filter demonstrates a high level of performance at the MPPS, then particles both smaller AND larger will be collected with even higher performance.
This is perhaps the most misunderstood aspect of filter performance and bears repeating. Filters do NOT act as sieves. One of the best tests of a filter’s performance involves measuring particle collection at its most penetrating particle size, which ensures better performance for larger and smaller particles. Further, the filter’s collection efficiency is a function of the size of the particles, and is not dependent on whether they are bio-aerosols or inert particles.
How are surgical masks and respirator filters tested?
Respirator filters must meet stringent certification tests (42 CFR Part 84) established by NIOSH. The NIOSH tests use what are considered “worst case” parameters, including:
* Millimeters (mm) of water column is a unit for pressure measurement of small pressure differences. It is defined as the pressure exerted by a column of water of 1 millimeter in height at defined conditions, for example 39°F (4°C) at standard gravity.
As a result of these stringent performance parameters, fiber diameters, porosity, and filter thicknesses of all particulate filters used in NIOSH-certified respirators, including N95s, are designed and engineered to provide very high levels of particle collection efficiencies at their MPPS.
Manufacturers of surgical masks, on the other hand, must demonstrate that their product is at least as good as a mask already on the market to obtain “clearance” for marketing. Manufacturers may choose from filter tests using a biological organism aerosol at an airflow of 28 L/min (bacterial filtration efficiency) or an aerosol of 0.1 µm latex spheres and a velocity ranging from 0.5 to 25 cm/sec (particulate filtration efficiency). It is important to note that the Food and Drug Administration specifies that the latex sphere aerosol must not be charge-neutralized.
The generation of the test aerosol can impart a charge on a higher percentage of the aerosolized particles than may normally be expected in workplace exposures. A charge-neutralized test aerosol, like those used in the NIOSH tests, has the charges on the aerosolized particles reduced to an equilibrium condition. Therefore, higher filter efficiency values than would be expected with the use of charge-neutralized aerosols may result due to the collection of charged particles by the filters’ electrostatic attraction properties. Additionally, allowing the manufacturer to select from a range of air velocity means that the test results can be easily manipulated. In general, particles are collected with higher efficiency at lower velocity through a filter.
Both of these aspects yield a test that is not necessarily “worst case” for a surgical mask filter. Because the performance parameters for surgical masks are less stringent than those required for filters used in NIOSH-certified respirators, the fiber diameters, porosity, and filter thicknesses found in surgical masks are designed with significantly lower levels of particle collection efficiencies at their MPPS.
How do surgical mask and respirator filters perform?
Respirator filters that collect at least 95% of the challenge aerosol are given a 95 rating. Those that collect at least 99% receive a “99″ rating. And those that collect at least 99.97% (essentially 100%) receive a “100″ rating. Respirator filters are rated as N, R, or P for their level of protection against oil aerosols. This rating is important in industry because some industrial oils can remove electrostatic charges from the filter media, thereby degrading (reducing) the filter efficiency performance. Respirators are rated “N” if they are not resistant to oil, “R” if somewhat resistant to oil, and “P” if strongly resistant (oil proof). Thus, there are nine types of particulate respirator filters:
Respirator filters are tested by NIOSH at the time of application and periodically afterward to ensure that they continue to meet the certification test criteria. The FDA does not perform an independent evaluation of surgical mask filter performance, nor does it publish manufacturers’ test results. In many cases it is difficult to find information about the filter test results for FDA-cleared surgical masks. The class of FDA-cleared surgical masks known as Surgical N95 Respirators is the one clear exception to this uncertainty of filter performance. This is the only type of surgical mask that includes evaluation to the stringent NIOSH standards. All members of this class of surgical masks have been approved by NIOSH as N95 respirators prior to their clearance by the FDA as surgical masks. The FDA, in part, accepts the NIOSH filter efficiency and breathing resistance test results as exceeding the usual surgical mask requirements.
In studies comparing the performance of surgical mask filters using a standardized airflow, filter performance has been shown to be highly variable. Collection efficiency of surgical mask filters can range from less than 10% to nearly 90% for different manufacturers’ masks when measured using the test parameters for NIOSH certification. Published results on the FDA-required tests (if available) are not predictive of their performance in these studies.
It is important to keep in mind that overall performance of any facepiece for particulate filtering depends, first, on good filter performance. A facepiece or mask that fits well to the face but has a poor filter will not be able to provide a high level of protection.
Respirator and Surgical Mask Fit
Because respirator filters must meet stringent certification requirements, they will always demonstrate a very high level of collection efficiency for the broad range of aerosols encountered in workplaces. There has been some recent concern that respirator filters will not collect nano-sized particles, but research has demonstrated that such particles are collected with efficiencies that meet NIOSH standards. This is not surprising, because NIOSH tests employ small, charge-neutralized, relatively monodisperse aerosol particles and a high airflow.
Thus, the most important aspect of a NIOSH-certified respirator’s performance will be how well it fits to the face and minimizes the degree of leakage around the facepiece. This must be measured for each individual and their selected respirator. Selecting the right respirator for a particular workplace exposure depends largely on selecting the right level of protection.
Respirator fit depends on two important design characteristics:
Respirators that operate in a “negative pressure” mode require the wearer to draw air through an air-cleaning device (filter or chemical cartridge) into the facepiece, which creates a pressure inside the respirator that is negative in comparison to that outside the facepiece. A “positive pressure” respirator, on the other hand, pushes clean air into the facepiece through the use of a fan or compressor, creating a positive pressure inside the facepiece when compared to the outside. Negative pressure respirators inherently offer less protection than positive pressure respirators, because inward leakage occurs more easily in the former.
The face-piece design is also very important—some designs fit on the face better than others. It is more difficult to fit a half-facepiece respirator (one that covers the mouth and nose only) than a full-face-piece respirator (one that also covers the eyes). The nose and chin are the most difficult facial features on which to establish a tight fit. The fit of a hood, helmet or “loose-fitting” facepiece is highly dependent on the specific design and configuration. More details on the different classes of respirators and their levels of protection, can be found on the NIOSH respirator topic page and the OSHA Respiratory Protection Standard.
Because fit is so important, NIOSH recommends and OSHA requires that each respirator wearer receive an initial fit test and annual fit tests thereafter. It is not possible to predict how well a respirator will fit on a particular face, even for respirators that fit well on a broad range of facial sizes.
The FDA does not recommend or require any test of fit for surgical masks. A very limited number of published studies are available on this aspect of surgical mask performance. Three clinical studies conducted in the 1980s and 90s found no difference in surgical infection rates when staff did not wear surgical masks.
A recent laboratory study of five surgical masks with “good” filters found that 80–100% of subjects failed an OSHA-accepted qualitative fit test using Bitrex (a bitter tasting aerosol) and quantitative fit factors ranged from 4–8 (12–25% leakage) using a TSI Portacount.4 In contrast, the least protective type of respirator (negative pressure half mask) must have a fit factor (outside particle concentration divided by inside concentration) of at least 100 (1% leakage).
Exhalation valves vents out hot, moist, exhaled air. This lowers the temperature inside the PAF keeping you comfortable longer and should extend the life of the filter.
Benefits of a Vented PAF
Benefits of a Non-Vented PAF
We recommend that you keep both a valved and non-valved PAF’s so you can have access to the benefits of both. If you are sick, be polite and wear an non-valved Style Seal PAF.
There are many differences between a surgical mask and a respirator. A respirator must pass much more stringent testing requirements than a surgical mask and offer much higher grade filtering capability. Respirators like surgical masks are one size fits all so achieving a tight seal is difficult but much better than a surgical masks.
Surgical masks were initially designed to prevent blood splatter and other fluids being passed to and from patients and medical attendants in operating rooms and during other medical procedures. Therefore the filtering capability of the filter fabric is less. Since they are disposable the quality of the noise piece, and ear straps is poor so a tight seal is nearly impossible to attain.
STYLE SEAL offers high quality filters AND a tight seal making it superior to respirators of surgical masks.
Read and understand more about how surgical mask and respirator filters perform by clicking HERE.
The purpose of the AQI is to help you understand what local air quality means to your health and to make it easier to understand.
The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. It tells you how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you. The AQI focuses on health effects you may experience within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air. EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act:
For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health .Ground-level ozone and airborne particles are the two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health.
Below is an example of the Air Quality Index in Paris:
To learn more about the Air Quality Index go to: https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=aqibasics.aqi
We offer a link to the world Air Quality Index map on this website by clicking HERE.
Locally the readings are often displayed in newspapers or local websites.
The best way to know the air quality in your micro-environment is to use your own STYLE SEAL Portable Air Quality Meter daily.
Another option is to download the PLUME AIR REPORT by clicking HERE.
According to the Airnow.gov website, https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=aqibasics.particle:
Particle pollution, also called particulate matter or PM, is a mixture of solids and liquid droplets floating in the air. Some particles are released directly from a specific source, while others form in complicated chemical reactions in the atmosphere.
Particles come in a wide range of sizes. Particles less than or equal to 10 micrometers in diameter are so small that they can get into the lungs, potentially causing serious health problems. Ten micrometers is less than the width of a single human hair.
Coarse dust particles (PM10) are 2.5 to 10 micrometers in diameter. Sources include crushing or grinding operations and dust stirred up by vehicles on roads.
Fine particles (PM2.5) are 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller, and can only be seen with an electron microscope. Fine particles are produced from all types of combustion, including motor vehicles, power plants, residential wood burning, forest fires, agricultural burning, and some industrial processes. These particles can get deep into the lungs and cause serious health problems.
Knowing the Air Quality Index reading is very important if you plan on reacting to the data. Merely knowing that your health is at risk isn’t much help. We can’t all just stay at home when the reading is poor. We don’t need to become ill unnecessarily or die sooner than we should so you need to react if the air quality in your area or micro-climate is poor.
The first step to protect yourself is to know if the air quality is bad. If so then protect yourself and your family with an adequate level of filtration.
The article below is describes exactly what the AQI means to you!!!
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the USA:
“Health studies have shown a significant association between exposure to fine particles and premature death from heart or lung disease. Fine particles can aggravate heart and lung diseases and have been linked to effects such as: cardiovascular symptoms; cardiac arrhythmia’s; heart attacks; respiratory symptoms; asthma attacks; and bronchitis. These effects can result in increased hospital admissions, emergency room visits, absences from school or work, and restricted activity days. Individuals that may be particularly sensitive to fine particle exposure include people with heart or lung disease, older adults, and children”. http://www.epa.gov/airquality/particlepollution/designations/basicinfo.htm
According to The Guardian: “Outdoor air pollution kills 3.3 million people, mostly in cities, every year. That’s more than HIV, malaria and influenza combined……. Read more at http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/dec/02/where-world-most-polluted-city-air-pollution
We don’t want to scare you but help you to be aware of the invisible hazards that potentially attack you daily if you do not protect yourself.
Beware of Ick and let STYLE SEAL protect you!!!
According to the American Lung Association, California and the Northeastern states lead the way in this less than desirable category. However, you may be surprised to find where some of the others are. Click below to see the results:
You may believe that that the USA has excellent air quality. That may be true in many rural areas but not necessarily true everywhere. Below is a map provided by Creative Methods of the US Air Quality Gradebook that shows in in-depth analysis of the air quality by city. Check your city to see where you stand. For the complete Gradebook data click HERE.
There is good news for air quality in the US. The Image below provided by NASA (National Aeronautical Space Administration) shows the the reduction of nitrogen dioxide levels in the US declined from 2005 to 2011.
Nitrogen dioxide is one of the six common pollutants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to protect human health. Alone it can impact the respiratory system, but it also contributes to the formation of other pollutants including ground-level ozone and particulates, which also carry adverse health effects. The gas is produced primarily during the combustion of gasoline in vehicle engines and coal in power plants. It’s also a good proxy for the presence of air pollution in general.
Air pollution has decreased even though population and the number of cars on the roads have increased. The shift is the result of regulations, technology improvements and economic changes, scientists say.
In fact, about 142 million people still lived in areas in the United States with unhealthy levels of air pollution, according to the EPA. Also, high levels of air pollution remain an issue in many other parts of the world, according to the global view from satellites.
“While our air quality has certainly improved over the last few decades, there is still work to do – ozone and particulate matter are still problems,” said Bryan Duncan, an atmospheric scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
For more information about this article from NASA click HERE.
Clearly, or not so clearly, India, have the most polluted cities measured by particulate matter with China and Turkey not far behind. However, that doesn’t mean the other countries in Europe, the USA and elsewhere don’t have their battles with pollution. Fresno, CA USA comes in at #160. Review the lists below:
According to the World Health Organization, drawing on data collected between 2008 and 2013, the report listed the cities by the average amount of particulate matter in the air over the course of a year. When these tiny particles — smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter — are inhaled, they can settle into the lungs, increasing the long-term risk for lung cancer (each year, it’s estimated that they cause 800,000 deaths worldwide).
In the new report, six of the top ten most polluted cities were in India, with Delhi leading the way. The figures show the average number of micrograms of these particles per cubic meter of air over the course of a year (for reference, the WHO considers 25 to be a safe limit):
Apart from the six Indian cities (shown in yellow), three more cities on this list are in nearby Pakistan (shown in blue), with Iran’s Khoramabad the only city outside of South Asia in the top 10.
The worst American city in the report was Fresno, California, followed by a few other cities in California. This fits with the findings of a recent American Lung Association report that showed California, as a whole, features the country’s worst air pollution.
A variety of factors contribute to air pollution, but it’s mainly driven by the burning of gasoline, diesel, and coal for transportation and energy, along with other large-scale manufacturing processes.
This pollution is mainly caused by the burning of gasoline, diesel, and coal.
According to Boundless.com:
Airborne diseases are characterized by diseases that are transmitted through the air via the presence of a pathogen. These pathogens can include both viruses and bacteria that are spread by coughing, sneezing, laughing, or through personal contact. The pathogens are capable of traveling distances on air currents when they are present on either dust particles or small respiratory droplets. The airborne transmission that occurs utilizes small particles or droplet nuclei that contain these infectious agents or pathogens. These particles and droplets are capable of remaining suspended in air for extended periods of time. Inhalation of these particles results in respiratory tract infection. The ability of these droplets to remain suspended for long periods of time result in the lack of face-to-face contact for infection. The ability of these pathogens to survive and retain their ability to infect for relatively long periods of time add to the difficulty encountered in their prevention and targeting.
Often times, these airborne pathogens can result in inflammation in the nose, throat, sinuses, and the lungs. The symptoms such as sinus congestion, coughing, and sore throats are examples of inflammation of the upper respiratory airway. Many types of infections that can be a result of airborne transmission include: Anthrax, Chickenpox, Influenza, Measles, Smallpox, and Tuberculosis. Airborne diseases are caused by exposure to a source such as an infected individual or animal.
Airborne transmission of disease is common in unsanitary household conditions and overcrowded areas, and pathogens that are transmitted in this manner thrive in areas of poverty and poor hygienic conditions. For example, tuberculosis is common in individuals from developing areas in the world, adding to 95% of cases worldwide.
Source: Boundless. “Airborne Transmission of Disease.” Boundless Microbiology. Boundless, 21 Jul. 2015. Retrieved 01 Mar. 2016 from:
According to newhealthguide.org:
A list of some common airborne infectious diseases with their cause, symptoms and possible treatments is listed below. Many other airborne infectious diseases exist. You should remain aware of the threat level in your area.
A link to the World Health Map can be found by clicking HERE. Once you login you you can zoom to your area to see the current outbreaks in your area. Login now and stay updated!!
If you feel you may be infected follow local health guidelines to protect the health of others.
Common Airborne Diseases:
|Causes||Exposure to mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria through respiratory droplets from sneezing, coughing, etc. can cause tuberculosis. Those with weaker immune systems, like babies and the elderly, are at higher risk.|
|Symptoms||Coughing up blood and phlegm, difficulty breathing, wheezing, fever, fatigue, sweating, chest pain, weight loss and breathing issues|
|Treatments||Fluids and rest as well as an antibiotic regimen are required to cure tuberculosis.
Some antibiotic treatments may last for up to 6 months.
|Causes||Exposure to the influenza virus by coming in physical contact with those already infected or inhaling airborne particles.|
|Symptoms||Fever, congestion, sore throat, fatigue and issues in the lungs.|
|Treatments||The best defense is to receive annual flu vaccines as well as keeping away from those with the virus.
Wash your hands after coming in contact with possible virus carriers. Many people prefer hand sanitizer to prevent spread of viruses.
|Causes||Contact with a person who has the measles or contact with particles from their sneeze or cough.|
|Symptoms||Coughing, fever, muscle pain, skin sensitivity, sore throat, red eyes, white bumps in the mouth and bumpy rashes all over the skin.|
|Treatments||There are no specific treatments for measles, but you can speed recovery with lots of rest, fluids and the use of a humidifier.
You can also take acetaminophen to manage pain and discomfort.
|Causes||Chickenpox is highly contagious and can be passed through physical contact with a rash on the skin or through inhaling airborne particles.|
|Symptoms||The most common symptom is an itchy, blister-like rash. Fever and sore throats can also accompany this disease.|
|Treatments||Vaccination is the best preventative treatment.
Those with previous exposure should be safe as they have built up immunity to chickenpox.
|Causes||A viral infection passed through touch or airborne particles.|
|Symptoms||Mumps affects the parotid glands which are salivary glands just below your ears. Swelling is a common symptom and hearing loss can occur in very severe cases.|
|Treatments||Vaccination is key for prevention as there are still many cases of outbreaks in the U.S. and around the world.
Rest and fluids will help speed recovery.
|Causes||There are two types of meningitis. Viral meningitis has a number of causes from direct contact to insect bites. It is very rarely a serious disease.
Bacterial meningitis is caused by exposure to various strains of airborne bacteria that, when left untreated, can cause brain damage or even death. Prolonged exposure to respiratory secretions is a main cause for either strain.
|Symptoms||Bacterial meningitis escalates quickly and mimics the symptoms of flu. The symptoms come on incredibly fast and include fever, headache, delirium, a stiff neck, nausea and even seizures.|
|Treatments||Immunization is a must to prevent bacterial meningitis.
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial meningitis once it has already attacked the system.
Antibiotics will not treat viral meningitis, so vaccines are needed. Medical supervision is required while the virus runs its course.
|Causes||The most common cause is direct inhalation through the mouth or nose of anthrax spores. This creates the potential for mass dispersal through explosions or anthrax spores sent through packaging. These spores can also cause anthrax by going through cuts on the skin or ingestions of infectious materials.|
|Symptoms||Nausea and flu-like symptoms are the most common. Since there are three different kinds of anthrax the symptoms tend to vary between each one. Inhalation anthrax is the most difficult to diagnose as it possesses symptoms common in other, less serious diseases like coughing, sore throat and fever.|
|Treatments||Antibiotics are used to treat anthrax as it can be a very serious disease.
Vaccines are also given to those who are at risk of exposure such as military personnel and scientists or medical researchers.
It is important to know that STYLE SEAL, PENUMBRA and UMBRA are not medical devices and do not claim to prevent the spread or eliminate the risk of disease or illness. Use at your own risk.
Airborne diseases are characterized by diseases that are transmitted through the air via by coughing, sneezing, laughing, or through personal contact. The pathogens are capable of traveling distances on air currents when they are present on either dust particles or small respiratory droplets. The airborne transmission that occurs utilizes small particles or droplet nuclei that contain these infectious agents or pathogens. These particles and droplets are capable of remaining suspended in air for extended periods of time. Inhalation of these particles results in respiratory tract infection. The ability of these droplets to remain suspended for long periods of time means face-to-face contact is not required for infection. The ability of these pathogens to survive and retain their ability to infect for relatively long periods of time add to the difficulty encountered in their prevention and targeting.
There have been countless tests, many of which inconclusive, about the benefit or lack thereof using masks in protecting against the spread of airborne infectious diseases. Unfortunately, many of the tests are inconclusive or lacked proper testing procedures for accurate results. Many of the tests are of random households not following strict guidelines. Also, the test were typically performed with those wearing surgical masks which are undoubtedly inferior in filtering capability as well as fit rather than higher quality products such as STYLE SEAL or others.
A small example of the conflicting nature of studies is illustrated below from the International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene IFH Newsheet July 2009 (www.ifh-homehygiene.org)
In another recent study Macintyre et al (Emerg Infect Dis 2009: http://www.cdc.gov/EID/content/15/2/233.htm) Report on a prospective cluster-randomised trial comparing surgical masks, non-fit-tested P2 masks, and no masks in prevention of influenza-like illness (ILI) in households in Australia. During the 2006 and 2007 winter seasons, 286 exposed adults from 143 households exposed to a child with clinical respiratory illness were recruited. Results showed no significant difference in the risk of ILI in the mask use groups compared with the control group; however, They argued, however, that if adherence were greater, as it might be during a pandemic, mask use might reduce transmission.
In a follow-up editorial, Dr Macintyre stated “More work is needed to look at the effectiveness of masks specifically, to evaluate their effectiveness in other community and healthcare settings, and the factors limiting compliance with mask use. We estimate that the reduction in risk of catching a respiratory infection for an adult caring for a sick child, when they adhere to mask use, is between 60 and 80%”.
We do not have the answer and don’t claim to at this time. Now that improved products to surgical masks like STYLE SEAL PAF’s and others are on the market hopefullymore accurate data will become available soon and the level of testing will be improved.
In the meantime we like to use a common sense view of the matter.
There are proven steps that work in slowing the spread of airborne infectious diseases.
We all can easily do a better job of items 1 – 6
Avoidance on the other hand, hopefully washed, is another issue. Even though we should stay at home when sick, many of us just can’t. We either can’t afford to miss work or are afraid of losing our jobs. Our children get sick and because of the same problem, and that many mothers are working too, the sick children get sent to school compounding the problem. Socially we need to get better in the workplace and at school in dealing with this issue.
In our opinion, the next closest thing to avoidance is wearing a PAF that is sealed, properly filtered and maintained.
If you are sick and must go to work or school, do the right thing, be polite and wear a Style Seal PAF without an exhalation valve.
If you wear a PAF:
If you don’t wear a PAF:
It is important to know that STYLE SEAL, PENUMBRA and UMBRA are not medical devices and do not claim to prevent the spread or eliminate the risk of disease or illness. Use at your own risk.
According to the USA Center for Disease Control (CDC):
“People with flu can spread it to others up to about 6 feet away. Most experts think that flu viruses are spread mainly by droplets made when people with flu cough, sneeze or talk. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs. Less often, a person might also get flu by touching a surface or object that has flu virus on it and then touching their own mouth or nose.” http://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/spread.htm.
Sometimes we talk about the environment in a broad sense, referring to the general environment of the planet as a whole or the global environment. On occasions, we hear about things that negatively affect the global environment like the release of carbon dioxide, ozone and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, damaging the global environment.
We can also talk about the environment in a more specific way. An environment can be something quite small, like your backyard, or it can be something big, like a beach or a city. Environments can vary in a number of different ways. The environment of one person can be remarkably different from the environment of another person. Someone who lives in the city will live in an environment which is different from someone who lives in the country. Even more drastically people living in the same urban city can find quite varying differences in their environments. This is especially true based on the location of your home, commute patterns and workplace. You have your own personal micro-environment that is unique to you and more than likely only you. Your micro-environment can be very dynamic as well. Your micro-climate could vary greatly during certain periods of the day depending on traffic. If you commute during heavy traffic you will experience more pollution and bacteria than if you commute during periods of less traffic. Your micro-climate could also change seasonally with the weather. Understandably, pollution tends to be much higher during periods of extended drought. You need to be aware and monitor your micro-environment and react accordingly to protect yourself from the hazards you encounter, especially when it comes to pollution and germs.
Every day before we leave home for work or school we look to the skies to see if it looks like rain or check the forecast. If it does we grab our umbrella. We should be equally aware of our air condition and reach for our STYLE SEAL PAF when needed. The good news is that it can easily fit in most purses or briefcases so it is there when you need it!
The only way to REALLY know the quality of your air is to measure it. Hopefully you are now aware your air can be of poor quality and potentially detrimental to your health. That awareness should then turn to action AND hopefully reaction. From a broad perspective, check the air quality in your city by using the Air Quality Index and/or the PLUME AIR REPORT APP. This will give you an indication of the current air quality. However, you need to know the quality of the air in your small micro-environment which could be much worse than the regional air quality. You may not even know where the AQI monitoring station in your area is located. The best way to know is to use your My Air Portable Air Quality Meter and APP or other similar meter so you know exactly the air quality you are breathing. If it is bad, reach for you Style Seal PAF with the appropriate color coded filter inside and protect yourself.
STYLE SEAL is the umbrella for your health! If you need it use it, if not enjoy your fresh clean air!!
BE FRESH, BE SMART, BE STYLISH!!
Affordable and superior by design means our products work better and the filters last longer so you can have a better product at an affordable cost!
STYLE SEAL PAF’s vs. Non-Replaceable Filters
STYLE SEAL provides the utmost in protection, comfort, convenience, and fashion. STYLE SEAL offers the following unique features and benefits
The low initial cost of the STYLE SEAL PAF plus the affordability of the replacement filters are the big advantages of STYLE SEAL if you are a first time buyer and have never used a PAF or mask before.
The cost of our STYLE SEAL PAF is typically much less than any other fashionable fabric masks since the filter is not built in. The life of the STYLE SEAL PAF can therefore be much longer.
STYLE SEAL Filters offer a lot of flexibility in price since you can adjust the filter and cost to match your threat level. The most expensive filter is not always needed. Therefore, it is hard to directly compare the costs. Most other fashionable fabric masks indicate that they should be replaced anywhere from 3 months to 6 months depending on use. Since their filter cannot be seen that is hard to determine. Is it working or damaged or not? With STYLE SEAL filters you can have a fresh new filter as often as you want.
All STYLE SEAL Filters last longer than the competition. This makes STYLE SEAL Filters…
AFFORDABLE BY DESIGN
There are key design features that help STYLE SEAL filters last longer such as:
Taking this into consideration, below are general cost comparisons against the three other forms of masks you can purchase. Obviously the costs vary depending on the particular competitive masks you compare to. Also the frequency with which the filters are replaced can effect the comparison.
STYLE SEAL PAF versus Surgical Masks
When comparing against surgical masks the cost comparisons are closer, but the features and benefits are not. The STYLE SEAL SS-80 filters are probably better than the best surgical masks on the market not factoring in that surgical masks have a dreadfully inferior seal. The costs of surgical masks can vary greatly based on quality and quantity purchased but a typical cost at a retail store is $.35 each.
Surgical Mask @ $.35 per mask x 52 weeks x 1/week = $18.2 Per Year
Surgical Mask @ $.35 per mask x 52 weeks x 2/week = $36.40 Per Year
Surgical Mask @ $.35 per mask x 52 weeks x 5/week = $91.00 Per Year
STYLE SEAL PAF
SS-80 @ $.39 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $19.09 Per Year + PAF Cost ($19.09 less expensive per year) (Just $0.89 per YEAR more, but a MUCH better product in every way!!)
SS-80 @ $.39 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $29.23 Per Year + PAF Cost ($7.17 less expensive per year)
SS-80 @ $.39 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 2/week = $49.51 Per Year + PAF Cost ($41.49 less expensive per year)
How can this be? The answer is easy. Affordability by Design!
With a surgical mask 100% of the product is disposed each time, there is no outer protection of the filter and the surgical mask is soiled from pressing against the face.
Since the cost of the base STYLE SEAL PAF without filters is relatively equal or less than using a surgical mask you can also have:
STYLE SEAL PAF versus Respirators
When comparing against respirators the cost comparisons are not so close nor are the features and benefits!!. The STYLE SEAL SS-95 and SS-99 filters are equivalent and to the typical respirators on the market. Respirators are easier to seal than a surgical mask but still offer a far inferior seal to STYLE SEAL PAF. The costs of respirators can vary greatly based on quality and where they are purchased, but a typical respirator costs at a hardware store range from $.75 to $4.00 each based on quality.
For the sake of simplicity we will be conservative and use the middle priced respirator at $1.50 each. So for a $.75 respirator you could half the estimate and for a $3.00 respirator you could double the estimate.
Respirator @ $.1.50 per mask x 52 weeks x 1/week = $78 Per Year
Respirator @ $.1.50 per mask x 52 weeks x 2/week = $156 Per Year
Respirator @ $.1.50 per mask x 52 weeks x 5/week = $390 Per Year
STYLE SEAL PAF
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $15.34 Per Year + PAF Cost ($53.71 to $131.71 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $20.58 Per Year + PAF Cost ($48.51 to $126.51 less expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x x 1 every 2 weeks = $25.22 Per Year + PAF Cost ($43.83 to $121.83 less expensive per year)
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $30.68 Per Year + PAF Cost ($116.37 to $272.37 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $41.16 Per Year + PAF Cost ($105.89 to $261.89less expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $50.44 Per Year + PAF Cost ($96.61 to $252.61 less expensive per year)
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 3/week = $92.04 Per Year + PAF Cost ($289.01 to $679.01 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 3/week = $123.24 Per Year + PAF Cost ($257.81 to $647.81 less expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 3/week = $151.32 Per Year + PAF Cost ($229.73 to $619.73 less expensive per year)
How can this be? The answer is easy AGAIN! Affordability by Design!
Since the cost of the base STYLE SEAL PAF without filters is significantly less to using a respirator you can have:
STYLE SEAL PAF versus Fashionable Fabric Masks With Non Replaceable Filters
Competitive fashionable fabric masks typically recommend “you can use the masks on a regular basis for 3-6 months”. A competitor lists their product life to 340 hours with an AQI of 51-150 (Yellow) Moderate/Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups so that is about right. If you take the average of 4.5 months that is 2.6 masks per year. The price of other fashionable fabric masks with non-replaceable filters range from $30 to $40 each or on average $35.
Competitive Fashionable Fabric Masks
2.6 Masks/Year x $35 per mask = $91 per year to protect your health. Not bad.
NOTE: A competitor with non-replaceable filters makes this statement: “Note that the masks are washable, but cleaning them only removes dirt not pollution trapped inside the filter. So the mask needs to be replaced after extended use to ensure proper filtration.” Another competitor states ” Do not submerge the mask in water as successive exposure to water of the middle filter layer (sewn into the mask) will affect filtering efficiency.” Is that really what you want for the money?! How long is it really going to last and how will you know?!
In the same AQI category we recommend a SS-90, SS-95 or S-99 filter.
STYLE SEAL PAF
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $15.34 Per Year + PAF Cost ($66.71 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $82.16 Per Year + PAF Cost ($61.51 less expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x 1 every 2 weeks = $100.88 Per Year + PAF Cost ($56.83 less expensive per year)
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $61.36 Per Year + PAF Cost ($51.37 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $82.16 Per Year + PAF Cost ($37.81 less expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 1/week = $100.88 Per Year + PAF Cost ($31.61 less expensive per year)
SS-90 @ $.59 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 2/week = $61.36 Per Year + PAF Cost ($20.69 less expensive per year)
SS-95S @ $.79 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 2/week = $82.16 Per Year + PAF Cost ($0.11 more expensive per year)
SS-99S @ $.97 per filter pair x 52 weeks x 2/week = $100.88 Per Year + PAF Cost ($18.83 more expensive per year)
Since the cost of the base STYLE SEAL PAF without filters is much less than the competition or at worst slightly more money you can have:
Of course. Show how proud you are to take care of your employees AND those they are serving!!
Custom orders are great for:
You can insure the health of your staff and advertise at the same time!
Hair and Nail Salons have hazardous air quality conditions. Staff and customers should be protected. Salons should become dealers and turn an expense into a profit center.
Offer gifts to your customers.
To learn how the Click HERE
To inquire Click HERE.
Air pollution is a problem for all of us. However, some groups of people are especially sensitive to common air pollutants such as particulates and ground-level ozone. Sensitive populations include:
There is mounting evidence that air pollution has chronic, adverse effects on pulmonary development in children. Studies conducted in Europe and the United States have demonstrated that exposure to air pollution is associated with reductions in the growth of lung function.
According to the National Institute of Health, Reduced lung function occurs as a natural part of aging and there is scientific evidence that elderly people are largely affected by the increased impairment resulting from exposure to air pollutants.
Elderly people will most likely suffer from chronic diseases, and there is evidence that co-existing chronic lung, heart or circulatory conditions may worsen following exposure to environmental pollutants
It is still unclear what pollutants are the most damaging to the health of the elderly. Elderly subjects in the EpiAir study (Italian epidemiological surveillance on ambient pollution and health) were found to be more vulnerable to PM10 than to other pollutants. Another study observed that PM2.5 was 3-fold more noxious than PM10, suggesting that fine particulates may constitute a major public health issue in the elderly.
The best way to use your STYLE SEAL PAF is to fully understand your micro-environment by monitoring your air quality on as frequent a basis as needed to know the hazard levels you face.
If hazard levels are to a point where you need to take action then install the corresponding color coded filter that matches your hazard and budget.
Keep a reasonable amount of replacement filters with you.
Replace your filters as needed.
Hand wash your Style Seal PAF frequently.
When you don your PAF make sure that you have achieved and maintain a tight seal to the face and that no facial hair is between your skin and the PAF.
Store your PAF as recommended.
STYLE SEAL PAF’s are much easier and safer to clean than competitive fashionable fabric masks with non-replaceable filters
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